The Final Self-Government Agreement (FSGA) is an agreement between the Délînê First Nation Band, the Délînê Land Corporation, the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT) and the Government of Canada (Canada). Once approved, the FSGA will create the Délînê Got’înêGovernment
(DGG), through which the people of Délînê will exercise their right to self-government.
[toggle title_closed="History (click to open)" title_open="History" hide="yes" border="yes" style="white"]
Under the Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement the Government of Canada agreed to negotiate community self-government agreements with the Sahtu Dene and Metis.
There are five communities
that fall within the Comprehensive Land Claim[highlight]Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement[/highlight] Agreement. So far, Deline, Tulita and Norman Wells are the only communities who have entered into negotiations for a self-government agreement. Currently, Fort Good Hope and Colville Lake are initiating their processes.
[highlight]The Délı̨nę Self-government Agreement-in-Principle (AIP)[/highlight] was signed August 23, 2003. The Délı̨nę self-government AIP is the first to be negotiated on a community basis in the Sahtú Region under the Sahtú Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement.
The AIP paved the way for more detailed negotiations to achieve a Final Self-Government Agreement. Parties to the negotiations are the Délı̨nę Dene Band, the Délı̨nę Land Corporation, the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories.
The AIP envisions a new governance system that addresses the needs of all residents of Délı̨nę, through the Délı̨nę First Nation Government (DFNG). This is an Aboriginal public government composed of an ?Ehkw’atide (Government Leader), a Main Council, a Justice Council and an Elders Council.
The AIP recognizes law making and administrative powers of the DFNG, including the delivery of programs and services in the areas of culture, language, education, social services, Délı̨nę First Nation citizenship, elections, and local government services.
[highlight]The Final Self-Government Agreement (FSGA)[/highlight] is the culmination of more than 14 years of negotiation between Deline and its government partners: the Governments of Canada and of the Northwest Territories.
It is unique to the specific circumstances and aspirations of the people of Délįne.
It combines the following three institutions and authorities:
- the Délįne First Nation self government authorities under the federal Inherent Right Policy;
- community public government authorities similar to those described in NWT municipal legislation;
- the responsibilities and authorities of the community as exercised by Deline Land Corporation and its subsidiaries as described in the SDMCLCA.
[toggle title_closed="Overview (click to open)" title_open="Overview" hide="yes" border="yes" style="white"]The FSGA builds upon the Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement
(1992) where the parties agreed that the Sahtu communities could negotiate self-government at the community level.
The FSGA is an agreement between the Délînê First Nation Band, the Délînê Land Corporation, the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT) and the Government of Canada (Canada).
Once approved by all parties, the FSGA will create the Délînê Got’înêGovernment
(DGG) and describe in detail how that government will work and what powers it will have.
- It is through the DGG that the Sahtu Dene and Métis of Délînê will exercise their right to self-government.
- The DGG will be a one-stop government. It will replace the Charter Community, the Délînê Land Corporation and the Délînê First Nation Band and provide all the same functions and services as these organisations did before.
- It will also have many new powers and responsibilities.
- The DGG will have law-making powers over local matters and many programs and services that are now handled by either the GNWT or Canada. It will also have law-making powers for Aboriginal matters for the Délînê Got’înê.
The FSGA describes how the DGG will take on land claim responsibilities that are currently handled by the Délînê Land Corporation.
A Beneficiaries Board will be part of the DGG. It will manage the assets and rights from the land claim for Délînê Land Corporation beneficiaries.
Only beneficiaries will be able to sit on the Beneficiaries Board and make decisions about Land Claim assets and rights. Beneficiaries who sit on the Beneficiary Board may live in Délînê, or outside Délînê.
The FSGA describes how the DGG, the GNWT and Canada will continue to work together once self-government is in place.[/toggle]
[toggle title_closed="Benefits (click to open)" title_open="Benefits" hide="yes" border="yes" style="white"]
Aboriginal public government
Self-government will represent and serve all residents of Délînê through a new Aboriginal public government.
The DGG will be able to shape programs and services using Dene culture and language. DGG programs and services will meet NWT-wide program and service standards. The DGG will respect the rights of non-Aboriginal residents.
More control and greater accountability
Self-government will give the people of Délînê more control over the decisions that affect their daily lives, including how programs and services are delivered.
With self-government more decisions will be made at the local level and the people who make those decisions will be accountable to the community.
Restoring the Délînê Got’înê’s authority to govern themselves
Self-government provides the Délînê Got’înê important tools to re-establish their authority to govern themselves.
Governance tools include:
- a constitution (Délînê Got’înê Æeæadó) that will be drafted by the Délînê Got’înê and voted on by all Délînê Land Corporation beneficiaries and Délînê First Nation Band members
- greater control in areas like language, culture, spirituality, child and family services and education
- access to predictable and stable funding to operate the Délînê Got’înê Government (DGG).
Self-government will give the Délînê Got’înê a way to shape their government and what it does. The DGG will have the authority to develop programs and services that reflect the Délînê Got’înê culture, while ensuring those programs and services meet territorial and/or federal standards.
The DGG will be a one-stop government. It will replace the Charter Community, the Délînê Land Corporation and the Délînê First Nation Band and provide all the same functions and services as these organisations did before.
The DGG will be a strong government where Délînê Got’înê play a central role.
The DGG will make it easier and more efficient to get things done:
- Community capacity and resources won’t be split between different organisations.
- Planning and priorities will be easier to coordinate.
- No need to deal with barriers created by the mandates of different organisations.
- Residents will be able to get much of the government information and service they need in one place.
[toggle title_closed="Health and Social Services (click to open)" title_open="Health and Social Services" hide="yes" border="yes" style="white"]The role the Délînê Got’înê Government (DGG) can play in health programs, education and social services will vary but in all cases, there will be greater local involvement and control over the delivery of these programs in Délînê.
Exactly how the DGG is involved in delivery of specific programs in these areas will evolve over time and as the capacity of the DGG to deliver programs grows.
The DGG’s involvement in program delivery provides the opportunity to make sure these programs and services reflect the culture and language of Délînê Got’înê.
Self-government will not diminish the quality or level of services provided to residents of Délînê
The DGG the Government of the Northwest Territories and the Government of Canada will be able to develop partnerships to help the community build the capacity it needs to be able to deliver its own programs and services in the future.
- The self-government agreement will give the DGG the ability to deliver education for kindergarten to grade 12, early childhood education programs and adult education and training.
- The DGG can assume responsibility for protecting children and can develop programs that support children and families. This can include adoptions.
- Through the DGG, Délînê Got’înê will have greater control over traditional healing practices and traditions, as well as the opportunity to participate in local delivery of federal and territorial health care programs.
- The DGG may create their own income assistance or social housing programs.
[toggle title_closed="Beneficiaries (click to open)" title_open="Beneficiaries" hide="yes" border="yes" style="white"]The Final Self-Government Agreement does not change
the rights, benefits and assets recognized in the land claim.
A Beneficiaries Board will take over the role of the Délînê Land Corporation
and operate as part of the DGG. It will be controlled by, and accountable to beneficiaries
, and the DGG and will ensure that land claim monies and assets are used solely for Land Claim beneficiaries.
Non-resident beneficiaries will benefit from the DGG’s new powers.
For example, the DGG will have the power to make laws to strengthen and preserve the language, culture and spiritual practices, customs and traditions.
The establishment of the Beneficiaries Board will also give non-resident beneficiaries the ability to be more involved in decision-making
over the land claim monies and assets, including the ability to run for, and vote in elections for the Board.
[ilink url="http://www.deline.ca/self-government/"]Return to the Self-Government Home Page[/ilink]